Class 5 Social Studies Chapter 21 - Exercise

Chapter 21 - Our Government


Current Lok Sabha Seat Distribution. Image Source - Wikipedia


All the important Questions and Answers


A. Who elects whom?

  1. People above 18 years of age elect members of the Lok Sabha in the Central Government.
  2. People above 18 years of age elect members of the State Legislative Assembly in the states.
  3. Members of the state legislative Assemblies elect members of the Rajya Sabha in the Central Government.
  4. Members of the Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, and State Legislative Assemblies elect the President.

B. Answer the following questions.

  1. Name the three levels of government in India.
    Answer
    :
    (1) Local Government
    (2) State Government
    (3) Central or Union Government

  2. Why do we have three levels of government in our country? Would it not be easier to have just the Central Government?
    Answer:
     
    India is a huge country and it is not possible for a single government to look after the entire country properly. So, we have three levels of government in our country.

  3. Who is the head of: (a) our country, (b) the Central Government?
    Answer
    :
    (a) The Head of our country is the President.
    (b) The Head of the Central Government is the Prime Minister.

  4. List two responsibilities each of (a) the Central Government, (b) the State Government.
    Answer

    (a) Responsibilities of the Central Government
    >> Defence of our country
    >> Relationship with other countries

    (b) Responsibilities of the State Government
    >> Education Facilities
    >> Law and Order of the state
    >> Health Facilities

  5. What is the responsibility of the courts?
    Answer
    : The courts protect the fundamental rights of the people and dispensing justice to the people in case of conflicts.

  6. Which is the highest court in the country?
    Answer
    : The Supreme Court in New Delhi is the highest court in India.

C. Multiple Choice Questions.

  1. The Union Government is also known as
    (A) Lok Sabha
    (B) Rajya Sabha
    (C) Central Government
    (D) Union Territory

  2. The defense of our country is the responsibility of the
    (A) Central Government
    (B) State Government
    (C) Local Government
    (D) All of these

  3. The set of rules according to which our country is run is called the
    (A) Parliament
    (B) Constitution
    (C) Supreme Court
    (D) Government

  4. The Lok Sabha is presided over by the
    (A) President
    (B) Prime Minister
    (C) Speaker
    (D) Government

  5. The number of constituencies India has been divided into is
    (A) 543
    (B) 552
    (C) 553
    (D) 530

  6. The head of the Government of India is
    (A) Prime Minister
    (B) President
    (C) Speaker
    (D) Vice President

D. Extra True or False.

  1. Rajya Sabha the meeting is presided by Vice-President. True
  2. The full form of EVM is Electronic Voting Machine. True
  3. 15th Lok Sabha Election of 2014 was the largest democratic election in the world. False
  4. Constituencies are the smaller divisions of our country made for fair elections. True
  5. Sansad Bhawan is another name for the Parliament of India. True

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